Cognitive and Academic Assessments

Psychometric/Educational Assessments

A full psycho-educational assessment is appropriate whenever there are concerns about a child’s learning ability or educational performance. Psycho-educational assessment involves the use of reliable measures that evaluate a child’s IQ (academic potential) and academic skills (such as reading, spelling, mathematics, written language, and oral language skills). A Psycho-educational assessment is comprised of at least two types of testing; psychometric and educational testing.

Commonly used Psychometric tests are the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence Australian (WPPSI III Australian), and the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children-Fourth Edition, Australian (WISC-IV Australian).

Psychometric (IQ) tests measure cognitive abilities such as:

  • Attention
  • Memory
  • Auditory and visual processing
  • Language skills
  • Eye-hand co-ordination
  • Planning ability
  • Verbal reasoning
  • Perceptual and Spatial skills

Commonly used Educational tests are the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test Second Edition – Australian (WIAT-II) or the Wide Range Achievement Test-Fourth Edition (WRAT-4).

Educational tests measure academic skills such as:

  • Reading
  • Written expression
  • Spelling
  • Mathematics
  • Academic fluency (speed of reading, writing and calculating)
  • Listening comprehension
  • Oral expressive skills

When there are concerns about individual’s intellectaul ability and/or ability to function in the general community, Adaptive Behaviour is also assessed. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) are a set of scales that are designed to measure adaptive behaviour and assess abilities in four major domains:

    • Communication skills (skills required for expressive, receptive and written language skills)
    • Daily Living skills (practical skills needed to take care of oneself and contribute to a household)
    • Social skills (skills needed to get along with others, regulate emotions and behaviour as well as skills involved in leisure activities such as play)
    • Motor Skills (fine and gross motor skills)