A full psycho-educational assessment is appropriate whenever there are concerns about a child’s learning ability or educational performance. Psycho-educational assessment involves the use of reliable measures that evaluate a child’s IQ (academic potential) and academic skills (such as reading, spelling, mathematics, written language, and oral language skills). A Psycho-educational assessment is comprised of at least two types of testing; psychometric and educational testing.
Commonly used Psychometric tests are the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence Australian (WPPSI III Australian), and the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children-Fourth Edition, Australian (WISC-IV Australian).
Psychometric (IQ) tests measure cognitive abilities such as:
- Auditory and visual processing
- Language skills
- Eye-hand co-ordination
- Planning ability
- Verbal reasoning
- Perceptual and Spatial skills
Commonly used Educational tests are the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test Second Edition – Australian (WIAT-II) or the Wide Range Achievement Test-Fourth Edition (WRAT-4).
Educational tests measure academic skills such as:
- Written expression
- Academic fluency (speed of reading, writing and calculating)
- Listening comprehension
- Oral expressive skills
When there are concerns about individual’s intellectaul ability and/or ability to function in the general community, Adaptive Behaviour is also assessed. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) are a set of scales that are designed to measure adaptive behaviour and assess abilities in four major domains:
- Communication skills (skills required for expressive, receptive and written language skills)
- Daily Living skills (practical skills needed to take care of oneself and contribute to a household)
- Social skills (skills needed to get along with others, regulate emotions and behaviour as well as skills involved in leisure activities such as play)
- Motor Skills (fine and gross motor skills)